What to do when all routes are blocked? Special Issue Parallax 20 3: Homonationalism in Queer Times. To respond, be responsible, before? European-cum-others scene, for our Europe today. I heard it late that evening from one of his comrades…. Both novels quite overtly affirm these motives of harraga — and it is in view of these that all changes of headings have to be demanded, if we hear Sansal and Ben Jelloun correctly. The image of Europe — and of Spain in particular in both of these novels — is held up against what is experienced as dogmatism and humiliation.
They expose the socio-political conditions that drive people to leave. Puig de la Bellacasa, Maria. While the novels question the obsession with leaving as a dead-end, it is crucial to note that although the direction is presented as problematic, the motives for leaving and the critique the harragas thereby utter is not. Queering Ethnicity in Postnational Europe. I finally have the opportunity and good fortune to go away, to leave you, to no longer breathe your air, no longer suffer the harassment and humiliations of your police. It is less material deprivation, but a sense of deprivation of a future that both Leaving Tangier and Harraga foreground — feelings of suffocation and lack of prospect are important factors in their fictive accounts of clandestine migration to Europe. We use the transcription as harraga see Abderrezak [, ] , and according to common usage employ harraga when referring to clandestine migration, and harragas when referring to the ones migrating. And it affects not only those who decide to migrate.
My parents were getting on my nerves, they wanted me to stay home, wear the hidjab, hide myself. The point or heading2 of Europe at and for this historical juncture is a pressing matter: Skip to main content.
There are walls caving in, calamities to which the government has abandoned camerounasi, and all the fears, the terrible camerounaiz, of a life on hold. Posts on Facebook advertise crossings to Europe for 7, dirhams euros. Homonationalism in Queer Times.
Un Regard sur le Monde. In the past years, cameruonais concrete European responses harrwga taken mainly two directions both of which make the call for a different heading necessary: Instead, it is analysed as a collective response to socio-political circumstances that are experienced as stifling: Nor can it be explained, as Sansal and Ben Jelloun convincingly convey in their accounts, as a merely economic phenomenon, resulting only from material deprivation. One should rather, Moha suggests, change direction.
We also have to note that the registers of navigation in sea- and air-travel that Derrida refers to when commenting on the title of his talk serve not only as suitable metaphors. Beyond the Mother Tongue: Leaving any way at all, at any cost, drowning, floating on the water, belly bloated….
It…will have never ceased to make advances on the other: At the slightest suspicion, the lights of the Guardia Civil pop on and the electronic gear detects the would-be emigrant, who will be turned back before he even leaves his house.
Cameroonian athletes at frontline For the implications of the term, see Barad ; for its uses in the humanities, see Kaiser and Thiele The Anxiety of Theory. Before closing, we would like to stay with the last point of the heading of the harragas for just a moment. But beyond our heading, it is necessary to recall ourselves not only to the other heading, and especially to the heading of the other, but also perhaps to the other of the heading, filn is to say, to a relation of identity with the other that no longer obeys the form, the sign, or the logic of the heading, not even of the anti-heading — of beheading, of decapitation.
For weeks, Moroccan social media networks have been inundated with videos showing smiling youth brandishing the victorious V with their fingers as they board small rubber boats headed illegally for Spain. International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, Now the Moroccans would just have to behave themselves! Frustrated by the lack of respect and prospect the characters experience on both sides of the sea shores, by the religious or political dogmatisms that prevent them from breathing freely in both geopolitical hemispheres, they collectively insist on their right to live their lives, even if it means pursuing this at great peril.
Wali Muna passes away Human interest Cameroon: It is less material deprivation, but a sense of deprivation of a future that both Leaving Tangier and Harraga foreground — feelings of suffocation and lack of prospect are important factors in their fictive accounts of clandestine migration to Europe.
Moroccan migrants risk it all to reach Europe – Journal du Cameroun
Our concern for the point of Europe here stems not from a renewed desire for European grandeur, a postcolonial melancholia Gilroyor a desire to revive modes of self- identification that are imagined as pure, authentic and monolingual. One effect of such indifference is that the consequences of neoliberal outsourcing of labour can also remain concealed from Europe.
The realities to which Derrida responded in are different from the realities of the early twenty-first century. To be responsible for? For the French passage, see Ben Jelloun University of Chicago Fipm. University of Minnesota Press.
Le cinéma camerounais, en lumières et ombres
It is not only a pressing matter, but also a matter pressed upon us both from inside and outside Europe and asking after the point of Europe might have to include questioning what it means to assume an inside and an outside. Translated by Teresa Lavender Fagan. And when once the route of those who burn is directly depicted — Sansal has Lamia watch a TV documentary on a group of people migrating through the Sahara to the North, the camera accompanying them until their crossing of the strait of Gibraltar — all but one loose their lives.
The task is, therefore, to come to an understanding of the effects and the complex factors of the co-constitution of Europe with-in a force-field of past, present and future migrations. In the earlier novel, Ben Jelloun had used Moha to voice critique of the system of repression, torture and injustice in Morocco in the mids, and in Leaving Tangier he has him reappear as a voice that criticizes harraga as literally misguided.
The image of Europe — and of Spain in particular in both of these novels — is held up against what is experienced as dogmatism and humiliation.
Moroccan migrants risk it all to reach Europe
Queering Ethnicity in Postnational Europe. Moroccan migrants risk it all to reach Europe Published on cameroinais While the novels question the obsession with leaving as a dead-end, it is crucial to note that although the direction is presented as problematic, the motives for leaving and the critique the harragas thereby utter is not. The harga is no longer an individual and marginal phenomenon which threw a few young unemployed onto the routes of clandestine emigration in order to reach Europe….
They expose the socio-political conditions that drive people to leave. By the Western route, the most dangerous one, Oran, the border, Morocco, Spain, from there onwards, France, England, elsewhere, that is the drill.
Le cinéma camerounais, en lumières et ombres | Africultures
How can one assume responsibility for a heritage a Eurocentric modern tradition, Enlightenment, democracy and colonialism whose denial would be irresponsible, yet whose repetition as the same would be equally so?
After watching a televised documentary on harragas from Niger and Chad, for example, she thinks: Cameroon Africa and World And it affects not only those who decide to migrate. Despite the awareness of the dangers, the fortified borders, the disregard of Europe for those on the other side, despite all of camerounaiz, in Harraga Lamia thinks to herself after she finished watching the documentary: Our children suffer, they dream of fortune, love and games, they train them in evil, hatred and idleness.
Afghan trailblazer who confronted Taliban on women. Unravelling the title, Derrida writes: These numbers do not yet include those who are hzrraga — often for years — in camps outside Melilla or Ceuta Spanish enclaves at the North African coastlineor those who take other routes to head towards Europe.
It is the tragic history of entire nations that search for a destiny which matches their dreams and their struggles.